A second renewable-energy project has been announced for heavy mineral sands extraction and refining company Richards Bay Minerals (RBM), which mines in northern KwaZulu-Natal and produces materials used in a wide range of everyday products, from paints to smartphones. In 2022, the Rio Tinto group company signed a renewables agreement with Voltalia for the Bolobedu solar PV plant in Limpopo. which is currently in progress and which is anticipated to meet 17% of RBM’s power consumption by generating up to 300 GWh/y of renewable energy.