When hydropower was being developed for South Africa’s gold-mining industry, the industry was going through a tough time and the research organisation of the day, the Chamber of Mines Research Organisation or COMRO, ceased to function in the form that it had for 30-odd years. Had COMRO continued with its intense hydraulics research through what was such an uncertain time that it merged the research organisation with the CSIR, water power could conceivably have been playing a much bigger role than it is now.